November 6, 2023

Understanding the Different Types of Workplace Sexual Harassment

What are the Two Types of Workplace Sexual Harassment?

Sexual harassment can present in various forms, but according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the two most common forms of workplace sexual harassment are hostile work environments and quid pro quo.

Quid Pro Quo: This is a form of harassment that occurs when a person in a position of power, such as a manager or supervisor, engages in unwanted sexual behavior in exchange for employment benefits, such as job security or career advancement.

This type of harassment involves the explicit proposition that someone’s compliance with sexual advances is necessary for employment benefits. It demonstrates a clear power imbalance between the harasser and the victim, which may lead to fear or a feeling of obligation on the part of the victim.

Hostile Work Environment: A hostile work environment refers to an intimidating, unpleasant, or offensive atmosphere at the workplace that is created by inappropriate sexual behavior or comments. In this type of harassment, the conduct is persistent and creates an environment that a reasonable person would find intimidating, abusive, or hostile.

What Can You Do After Experiencing Sexual Harassment at Work?

Knowing what to do after experiencing sexual harassment can protect you from further harassment and help you hold the harasser accountable for their actions. Here are the steps you should take after experiencing sexual harassment at work:

  • Seek support: The first step is to seek help from someone you trust, such as a friend, colleague, or a health professional. Talk to them about what happened so they can help you process these emotions and reduce the adverse effects on your mental health.
  • Document the details: You should keep a record of every detail regarding the incident, such as the time, location, date, descriptions, and any witnesses. This will be helpful if you decide to take further action.
  • Report the harassment: You should report the incident by following your company’s policies and procedures for reporting sexual harassment. In most cases, you may be required to report to the immediate supervisor or other designated authorities. Do not forget to provide details of the harassment or any evidence you have gathered.
  • Launch a formal complaint: If following the steps mentioned above does not result in a satisfactory resolution, you may opt to file a formal complaint with your boss. Start by submitting a written complaint detailing the incident and requesting an investigation.
  • Consult an attorney: Sexual harassment cases can be complex due to the subjective experiences and interpretations of behavior. Consider consulting with an attorney who specializes in employment law.

Contact Mizrahi Kroub Today to Speak with Our New York Sexual Harassment Lawyers

At Mizrahi Kroub LLP, our attorneys have a deep understanding of New York sexual harassment laws and how they apply to your specific situation. Call us at (212) 595-6200 to schedule a consultation with one of our New York sexual harassment lawyers and see how they can help you navigate the complexities of your case.

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